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Martha S. Grafton Library

BIOL100: The Living World: Scholarly Sources

This is a research guide for Bio100

Subject Guide

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Articles: evaluate based on Scholarly vs. Popular

Scholarly vs. Popular

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Usually written by an scholar or a researcher in the field. Credentials and/or affliation are given.                        

Author Often a professional writer with no expertise in the subject area. Author's name may or may not be given.
Other scholars, researchers and students. Audience The general public; those interested without a speciality in the subject
Specialized terminology or jargon of the field; requires prior knowledge or a dictionary. Language General vocabulary. Understandable to most readers.
Articles have a defined structure with an abstract, objective, methodology, results, analysis, conclusion and references. Appearence Informal oragnization, usually eye catching. Typically contains oragnization and photographs.
Always provides a list of references or a bibliography. Sources are cited and can be verified. References/ Bibliography Rarely has a list of references, but can include sources listed under a section titled "more to explore" or "further reading", etc. Usually does not give complete information about sources.
Articles are peer-reviewed before publication by a panel of researchers or an editor for accuracy, methodology and importance. Peer-Review Articles are usually not evaluated by experts. Non-peer reviwed resources must be carefully examined for accuracy and relevance.
Effect of Caffeine on Prospective and Retrospective Duration Judgements Example Better Learning Through Fidgeting